The American Pragmatists

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She establishes an impressive continuity between pragmatism and both logical empiricism and contemporary analytic philosophy. However, in casting James and Dewey as the villains of American pragmatism, she underplays the pragmatists' interest in action. Charles Sanders Peirce in 19th Century Philosophy.

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John Dewey in 20th Century Philosophy. Edit this record. Mark as duplicate.

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The American Pragmatists - Cheryl Misak - Google книги

The American Pragmatists. The Cambridge Companion to Peirce. Cheryl Misak ed. Old Pragmatisms, New Histories. Douglas Anderson - - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 4 :pp. Pragmatism: A Reader. Louis Menand ed. Charles Sanders Peirce.

A brief history of pragmatism and pragmatic philosophy

Albert Atkin - - New Vico Studies. Pragmatism: An Open Question. Hilary Putnam - - Blackwell. Achieving results, i. The familiar and the academic conceptions have in common an opposition to invoking the authority of precedents or of abstract and ultimate principles.

Pragmatism

Thus, in law judicial decisions that have turned on the weighing of consequences and probable general welfare rather than on being deduced from precedents have been called pragmatic. Peirce , another pioneering pragmatist, may have been the first to use the word to designate a specific philosophical doctrine.

During the first quarter of the 20th century, pragmatism was the most influential philosophy in the United States, exerting an impact on the study of law, education , political and social theory, art, and religion. Six fundamental theses of this philosophy can be distinguished.

It is, however, unlikely that any one thinker would have subscribed to them all, and even on points of agreement, varying interpretations mark the thought and temper of the major pragmatists. The six theses are:. Existence is fundamentally concerned with action, which some pragmatists exalted to an almost metaphysical level. Change being an inevitable condition of life, pragmatists called attention to the ways in which change can be directed for individual and social benefit.

Pragmatism was a continuation of critical empiricism in emphasizing the priority of actual experience over fixed principles and a priori nonexperiential reasoning in critical investigation. For James this meant that the pragmatist. He turns towards concreteness and adequacy, towards facts, towards action. The pragmatic meaning of an idea , belief , or proposition is said to reside in the distinct class of specific experimental or practical consequences that result from the use, application, or entertainment of the notion.

Thus, truth simply is the verification of a proposition, or the successful working of an idea. In keeping with their understanding of meaning and truth, pragmatists interpreted ideas as instruments and plans of action.


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